Women Suffrage in America


external image women-working-in-a-facotry-pic-getty-images-367492277.jpg
This chart expresses the extend of
suffrage women were given before the
19th amendment. Chart meaning


To date, black and white men are given the right to vote. It has been 49 years since the ratification of the Fifteenth amendment and still women are not given the right to vote. In these changing times it is clear that women have shown that they can do much more than work in a domestic setting. Now women work in factories, providing us with essential products with in our society. Men work similar jobs but that's exactly the problem. Men and women are working equally but a man gets the right to vote. Times are deffinitly different now than they use to be, women are to involved in our society to be kept from the voting booth. People must see this problem in society and show support to groups like the fairly new National Women's Party or the National American Women Suffrage Association. These groups push for a new amendment to the constitution that will allow all Women the right to vote. Many places have already began to give women the right to vote fully or partially, it is high time that all women have full suffrage. Once this is accomplished, the USA will be a little bit more on its way to an equal society (in rights) that will far surpass any other country.

President Woodrow Wilson: Role in Woman's Suffrage
Women parading, showing the support
that Woodrow Wilson gave them. source
With the importance of women during world war two, Woodrow Wilson was pressed very hard to grant them suffrage. Women had proved on a huge base that they were an unmistakable asset to the United States while the masses of men fought in the war. On September 30, 1918 Woodrow Wilson gave full support to the Women Suffrage movement. This quickly lead to the House of Representatives (May 21, 1918) and Senate (June 4, 1918) announcing the passing of a 19th amendment. The amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920. Without Woodrow Wilson's help, the amendment may have taken much longer to become an amendment.

Women Suffrage Pre-Progressive Era (1860s-1890s)
In order to better understand some of the movements in this era, the mention of prior organizations would prove helpful. During May of 1869, Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton formed the National Woman Suffrage Association. This group aimed to get a new amendment that would grant women the right to vote. Also another significant piece to their movements was that they strongly opposed the 15th amendment. They would only accept the amendment if all women were given the right to vote. Another group was also spawned in 1869, the American Women Suffrage Association by Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwall. This group was in favor of the 15th amendment because they believed that once the blacks were given the right to vote, it would give way to the women's vote. After years of unsuccessfully gaining a new amendment that would allow women to vote, the two major groups combined. In 1890 the two created the National American Women Suffrage Association. This group would act as a major contributor in the 1900's in till its reform into the League of Women Voters.

Women Suffrage during the Progressive Era (1890s-1920s)
The NAWSA held strong to their beliefs in the years leading up to the 19th amendment. In 1893 the NAWSA sent a group of reprsentatives to the Worlds Congress of Representative Women placed in Chicago, Illinois. These meetings, in the first place, would prove to be very important to the movement. The Worlds Congress of Representative Women was composed of 81 meetings with over 150,000 people in attendance to hear the speeches.Through this convention, women were given a huge opportunity to express their feelings and beliefs on present society.
Further towards the end of the 19th century, two books were published. One by Matilda Gage 1893 called Women, Church and State. The other book, The Women's Bible, was written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton. The Women's Bible proved to be very influential, challenging the traditional view that women are substurvient to men. The book became a best seller but many of the women who were actual members of feminist groups denounced it on the fear that it would bring harm upon the movement. Also two big events happened in the death of Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1902) and Susan B Anthony (1906), neither of them living to the day that all woman were granted suffrage.
Another group seperate from the NAWSA, The National Women's Party (founded in 1917), fought mainly for the amendment to the constitution. This being differant from the NAWSA on the base that they didn't perticulerly care about individual states granting suffrage. On another note, president Woodrow WIlson was very important to the movement as he had reavealed that he would press for a 19th amendment that would grant women suffrage. This giving a major push and dramaticly helping the amendment pass.

Women Suffrage to Current Day
These movements have done so much for women today. Women have all the same rights as men and sexism is very minimal anywhere you go. Through all of these trials we have what we have today, even others have gained from these movements as we later grant Universal Suffrage. The amount of time the women had to put into gaining the vote is amazing and was well worth it to them. The vote must not be taken for granted because it would spite the people who fight for it.